With planetary urbanization fast approaching there is growing clarity regarding the unsustainability of cities, not least with respect to food consumption. Sharing, including food sharing, is increasingly being identified as one transformative mechanism for sustainable cities: reducing consumption; conserving resources, preventing waste and providing new forms of socio-economic relations. However, such claims currently rest on thin conceptual and empirical foundations.
SHARECITY will establish the significance and potential of food sharing economies to transform cities onto more sustainable pathways the project by:
Conducting such frontier science SHARECITY will open new research horizons to substantively improve understanding of how, why and to what end people share food within cities in the 21st Century.
Food sharing economies: Foundation building & framework development
The building blocks of SHARECITY were created in 2016 when the team of researchers came together to review key concepts, existing theoretical approaches and research methodologies relating to food sharing. By exploring food sharing activities in 100 cities from around the world a framework was developed for identifying and categorising the practice.
This initial phase led to the development of the SHARECITY100 Database, an open access and interactive database that presents key variables for the analysis of more than 4000 initiatives across 100 cities in 44 countries and 6 continents. For more information about using and licensing the SHARECITY100 Database check out our blog post. Our Briefing Note #1: SHARECITY100: Food Sharing in 100 Cities around the world presents some of the high level findings from analysis of the database.
Two papers from this phase of research have also been published:
Davies, A.R., Edwards, F., Marovelli, B., Morrow, O., Rut, M., Weymes, M. (2017) Creative construction: Crafting, negotiating and performing urban food sharing landscapes. Area, DOI: 10.1111/area.12340
In-depth investigation of food sharing economies
In order to examine in detail the workings of food sharing initiative and probe conceptual propositions developed in the framework and database SHARECITY researchers spent a number of months collecting data and working with food sharing initiatives in nine diverse cities: Dublin, Melbourne, Berlin, Singapore, Barcelona, San Francisco, New York, Athens and London
City Profiles derived from the SHARECITY100 Database and literature and policy reviews have been developed. Analysis of the rich body of ethnographic data is currently underway and results are being analysed for publication. Please check out our publications page to stay up to date with our research outputs.
Developing the SHARECITY assessment tool
Findings from this phase of in-depth research will inform the process of developing a flexible, open-access toolkit for identifying and measuring sustainability impacts. This online assessment tool will be co-designed with a number of food sharing initiatives.
A preliminary step towards the development of this tool has involved exploring the ways in which ICT-mediated food sharing initiatives communicate both their goals and the impacts of their activities through their online profiles.
The future of food sharing in cities
The final phase of SHARECITY will consider the future of food sharing in cities and invite participants to visualise a range of possible scenarios and develop potential pathways to achieve these futures.
SHARECITY is funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 646883). SHARECITY is also an affiliated project of the Systems of Sustainable Consumption and Production Knowledge Action Network (SSCP KAN) of Future Earth. Further details of the SSCP KAN can be found here: http://www.futureearth.org/future-earth-sscp
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